Effective Math Strategies for Elementary School Students 1


Mathematics is a core subject that is essential for elementary students. Not only does math teach them basic arithmetic, but it also helps them in everyday life. However, many children struggle with math, and it tends to be their least favorite subject. A study from the National Governors Association showed that only 27 percent of fourth-graders in the United States are proficient in mathematics. To help increase the proficiency of elementary students, educators must implement effective math strategies.

Visual Aids

Visual aids are an effective math strategy for elementary school students. Studies have shown that students learn better when content is presented in a visual form. The use of manipulatives, such as blocks, chips, and counters, can help students understand concepts such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Graphs, charts, and pictures are other visual aids that illustrate concepts such as measurements, fractions, and decimals.

Real-Life Examples

Elementary students may have difficulty grasping the concept of math when it seems abstract to them. Teachers need to provide real-life examples for each concept so that students can understand how it relates to their lives. For example, when teaching fractions, teachers can use a pizza as an example. Students can learn how to divide the pizza into halves, quarters, or eighths and understand how fractions work in a real-life situation. The same can be done when teaching decimals and percentages by explaining how they are used in sports and finances.

Problem-Solving Activities

Problem-solving activities are an effective strategy to build elementary students’ critical thinking and reasoning skills. This strategy allows students to interpret information, analyze data, find patterns, and solve problems. Activities such as puzzles, games, and riddles can improve students’ problem-solving skills and develop their mathematical thinking abilities.

Multisensory Learning

Elementary students can benefit from multisensory learning, which involves using multiple senses to learn concepts. Hands-on learning using tactile materials, such as clay, playdough, and sand, can help students understand mathematical concepts. This strategy engages students and allows them to learn through multiple senses, leading to a better understanding of mathematical concepts.

Teacher Collaboration

Collaboration among the school staff members is another effective strategy for math learning. Teachers can discuss with colleagues to share successful math strategies and teaching techniques. Collaboration also helps teachers find ways to adjust teaching methods to improve students’ learning outcomes.


To improve elementary students’ math proficiency, teachers must implement effective math strategies. Strategies such as visual aids, real-life examples, problem-solving activities, multisensory learning, and teacher collaboration can help students understand mathematical concepts, build critical thinking and reasoning skills, and enhance their learning outcomes. To additionally enrich your educational journey, we recommend you explore the recommended external site. You’ll find additional and valuable information on the topic. ACT/SAT Boot Camp https://privatelvtutors.com, expand your knowledge!

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